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|American Society for Action on Pain|
Author: Landau-B. Levy-R-M.
Title: Neuromodulation techniques for medically refractory chronic pain.
Source: Annu-Rev-Med. 1993. 44. P 279-87.
Journal Title: ANNUAL REVIEW OF MEDICINE.
Abstract: Advances in our knowledge of the physiology of pain transmission and modulation have created new surgical options for the control of chronic pain. The pain modulation network can be activated by administration of spinal opiates or by electrical stimulation of the nervous system with transcutaneous, peripheral nerve, spinal cord, and deep brain stimulation. The theoretical basis and the clinical applications of neurostimulation for the treatment of medically intractable chronic pain are reviewed.